Hockey Coaching 101

Adam Fincik
3 min readJan 31, 2020

Naturally, when you start a hockey and hockey coaching-centric blog, it makes a lot of sense to start broad and narrow down a bit as you go. So I figured a good starting point for my blog would be some hockey coaching 101, tips for people who haven’t coached but are considering giving it a go when it comes time for the kids’ sign ups next year.

For some background, in case you missed it on my , I’ve been playing hockey since I was about 5 years old — just as long as I’ve known how to skate. When I decided to hang up the skates about 30 years later, I decided to jump into coaching, something that I’ve done and loved ever since.

So what are a few things worth knowing upfront when it comes to coaching youth hockey?

Understand the Age Group

While it probably should go without saying, you shouldn’t approach coaching a group of 5 year olds the same way you would, say, a group of 15 year olds. Beyond the obvious skill differences, the different levels of maturity and styles of gameplay at different ages means your core focus as a coach will change pretty drastically. has a nice pdf manual that guides readers through some common age progression steps as they apply to coaching and techniques — I’d highly recommend giving it a read.

Understand the Rules

This of course goes beyond the rules of hockey as a sport itself — though you should obviously know those through and through as well. But different levels of play and different leagues can feature different rules pertaining to penalties, enforcement, and of course checking, which isn’t typically allowed (in USA Hockey) until the 13–14 age group.

Understand that Coaching Isn’t Easy

Perhaps the biggest takeaway from the blog should be the fact that, regardless of age group and regardless of the team, coaching isn’t easy. Things will fluctuate depending on where you are and your level of experience, but you can expect some steep learning curves, particularly early on, not to mention the nature of having to wrangle and instruct a group of kids. You’re forced to do in your role as the team’s coach, so don’t expect everything to come naturally.

But That Doesn’t Mean You Have to Make it Easy…

Despite the above mentioned fact that coaching isn’t (and probably shouldn’t be) easy, that doesn’t mean you should do what you can to make it easy on them. As a coach, part of your job is to train and develop these kids into better hockey players, and that doesn’t get accomplished if you let them fool around on the ice all practice or get lazy during drills. No one likes the coach who takes his or her job seriously (after all, they are kids), so striking a balance here can be difficult, but is very important to success.

Originally published at



Adam Fincik

Based in Pittsburgh, Adam Fincik is the Co-Owner of A&T Roofing and Construction and a youth hockey coach. Learn more @